Active substance is the compound or their mixture with the role of API in natural pharmaceutical products.
API Active Pharmaceutical Ingredient is a single substance used in a finished pharmaceutical product, intended to furnish pharmacological activity or to otherwise have direct effect in the diagnosis, cure, mitigation, treatment or prevention of disease, or to have direct effect in restoring, correcting or modifying physiological functions in human beings.
Cannabinoids are terpenophenolic compounds, active substances that interact with cannabinoid receptors of the human body, causing pharmacological effects.
Dosage form – A term for the physical characteristics of a drug product in the finished form that is suitable to be used at once, without additional measuring by the user. e.g., patch, sublingual, capsule.
Extraction is a process of extracting the desired active substance from the herbal drug. It results in separated fractions: a complex extract with cannabinoids and terpenes; and a matrix – ballast material such as cellulose, chlorophylls, waxes etc.
GACP – Good Agricultural and Collection Practice are guidelines prescribing cultivation and collection of medicinal plants, including certain post-harvest operations. They are primarily intended to provide general technical guidance on obtaining medicinal plant materials of good quality for the sustainable production of herbal products classified as medicines.
GMP – good manufacturing Processes, also known as Current good manufacturing Processes (CGMP) provide guidelines for manufacturing, testing, and quality assurance to ensure that a product is safe for human or animal consumption or use.
HACCP is a management system in which food safety is addressed through the analysis and control of biological, chemical, and physical hazards from raw material production, procurement and handling, to manufacturing, distribution and consumption of the finished product. (FDA) HACCP has been also applied to industries other than food, such as cosmetics and pharmaceuticals.
Herbal medicinal products are made of herbal drugs and contain herbal substances as active ingredients.
Magistral preparation is a pharmaceutical product, prepared in pharmacy. It makes medications available in formulations that do not exist commercially. It is a practical